Regulations for the supervision and administration of medical devices

Chapter I General Provisions

Article 1 These Regulations are hereby formulated with a view to strengthening the supervision and administration of medical devices, ensuring their safety and effectiveness and protecting human health and life safety.

Article 2 All units or individuals engaged in the research and development, production, distribution, use, supervision and administration of medical devices within the territory of the People's Republic of China shall comply with the Regulation.

Article 3 "Medical devices" as defined by these regulations refers to: any instrument, apparatus, appliance, material, or other article whether used alone or in combination, including the software necessary for its proper application. It does not achieve its principal action in or on the human body by means of pharmacology, immunology or metabolism, but which may be assisted in its function by such means; the use of which is to achieve the following intended objectives:

1. Diagnosis, prevention, monitoring, treatment or alleviation of disease;
2. Diagnosis, monitoring, treatment, alleviation of or compensation for an injury or handicap conditions;
3. Investigation, replacement or modification for anatomy or a physiological process;
4. Control of conception.

Article 4 The drug regulatory authority under the State Council is responsible for supervision and administration of medical devices nationwide. The drug administration of the local government at county level and above is responsible for supervision and administration of medical devices in each administrative region. The drug regulatory authority under the State Council shall coordinate with other departments under the State Council, responsible for comprehensive economic administration, in the implementation of policies for the medical device industry.

Article 5 The State shall classify medical devices and administer them based on this classification

Class I Medical Devices are those for which safety and effectiveness can be ensured through routine administration;

Class II Medical Devices are those for which further control is required to ensure their safety and effectiveness

Class III Medical Devices are those which are implanted into the human body, or used for life support or sustenance, or pose potential risk to the human body and thus must be strictly controlled in respect to safety and effectiveness.

The classification catalogue for medical devices shall be stipulated, adjusted and promulgated by the drug regulatory authority under the State Council, in accordance with classification principles after consulting with health authority under the State Council.

Article 6 Medical devices produced and used for the purpose of providing concrete measuring values shall comply with the requirements of the metering law. The detailed product list shall be formulated and promulgated by the drug regulatory authority under the State Council, jointly with the metering authority.

Chapter II The Administration of Medical Devices

Article 7 The State encourages the research and development of new medical devices. "New medical devices" refer to the kind of brand new product varieties which have not been available in the domestic market, or for which the safety, effectiveness and product mechanism have not been recognized domestically.

The clinical trials of new medical devices of Class II and Class III can be conducted only after clinical trial approval by the relevant authority in accordance with the rules of the drug regulatory authority under State Council.