Hollywood is a neighborhood in Los Angeles, California — situated west-northwest of Downtown Los Angeles. Due to its fame and cultural identity as the historical center of movie studios and movie stars, the word «Hollywood» is often used as a metonymy of American cinema, and is often interchangeably used to refer to the greater Los Angeles area in general. The nicknames StarStruck Town and Tinseltown refer to Hollywood and its movie industry. Today, much of the movie industry has dispersed into surrounding areas such as the Westside neighborhood, but significant auxiliary industries, such as editing, effects, props, post-production and lighting companies remain in Hollywood, as does the backlot of Paramount Pictures.Many historic Hollywood theaters are used as venues and concert stages to premiere major theatrical releases and host the Academy Awards. It is a popular destination for nightlife, tourism, and is home to the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
In 1853, one adobe hut stood in the place, that later became Hollywood. By 1870, an agricultural community flourished in the area with thriving crops of many common and exotic varieties. Hot in Hollywood etymology says that the name «Hollywood» comes from the rich reserves of native toyon or «California Holly», which covers the slopes by the clusters of berries every winter.
The first studio in Hollywood was founded by Centaur Company, located in New Jersey, who wanted to shoot westerns in California. They rented an abandoned roadside diner at 6121 Sunset Boulevard at the corner of Gower Street, and turned it into the studio in October 1911, calling it «Studio Nestor» in honor of the western branch of the company. Later the building became the film lab of Hollywood, which is now called« Hollywood Digital Laboratory ». The first feature film made in the Hollywood studio , in 1914, was the film «an Indian husband,» created by Cecil B. DeMille and Oscar Apfel.
Hollywood Walk of Fame was founded in 1958 in honor of the artists working in the entertainment industry and the first star on the Walk — the famed actress Joanne Woodward — has left its mark on February 9, 1960.The rewarded receive a star on the basis of their achievements in a career in film, theater, radio, television, and / or music, as well as their contributions to charity.
After years of severe recession, when many Hollywood plots threatened with destruction, today Hollywood is experiencing rapid rebirth in order to increase the urban population. Many projects have been completed, focusing on Hollywood Boulevard. Complex «Hollywood and Highland» (near Kodak Theatre) were the main catalyst for the reconstruction of the territory. As well as numerous fashionable bars, night clubs, shopping centers, opened on or around the Boulevard back to Hollywood as a center of nightlife in Los Angeles. Many old buildings became lofts and apartment buildings, Cosmo Loft — the first residential loft in Hollywood. Hotel «AW» is now being reconstructed at the intersection of Hollywood and Vine.